There are a lot of smart animals out there. Some are so smart, in fact, that they learn how to use things like tools or create their own devices and build things like humans do. Even animals that don’t have a history with humans know a thing or two about adapting from their environment to their advantage in food, hunting, instruments, weapons, canes, and more. The following list of 8 animals that build things as humans do will show you the diversity of creatures that can improvise and create.
#9 Animal That Builds Things Like Humans Do: Non-Human Primates
Several non-human primate species learned how to use items found in their surroundings to make things, and it wasn’t associated with human coexistence or development. A Buddhist shrine at Lopburi, Thailand, is home to macaques that use visitors’ hair to floss their teeth, and they start teaching their young from an early age by imitation. Orangutans make whistles out of leaf bundles to warn away predators, while gorillas use sticks to walk with, measure water depth, or create makeshift bridges. And our closest surviving relatives, chimpanzees, have been found to use stone hammers as far back as 4,300 years ago. They can also make spears for hunting other primates as well as special tools for digging out army ants.
Humans are fascinated with making things since childhood. But they aren’t the only animals that can build things in an organized way, think about how to solve problems, or use objects from their environment as tools or create tools. It’s incredible how rudimentary tools can serve a variety of purposes. Some animals have adapted tools for their everyday needs, while others can be taught to use tools. They prove that necessity is indeed the mother of invention.
#8 Animal That Builds Things Like Humans Do: Elephants
Elephants have brains that are larger than any other land mammal, and they are also one of the smartest animals in the world. You are likely to have heard how they grieve for their loved ones, but did you know they can solve problems? That’s right, according to anecdotes, they have been known to drop rocks or logs on electric fences to short them out and use balls of chewed bark to plug up water holes against other animals. Plus, Asian elephants use branches as fly swatters.
#7 Animal That Builds Things Like Humans Do: Dolphins
Less than 200 years ago, dolphins learned how to use tools. One species, the bottlenose dolphin, swims with sponges on its nose for protection while hunting for fish. The dolphin is the only other sea mammal that uses tools besides the sea otter. Like all members of the whale family, it has acute hearing from 300 miles away or more. It communicates with sonar and echolocation rather than having to create aids, and its ability to make immediate, complicated decisions surpasses that of humans. Second only to humans in brain-to-body ratio, it even has a language to communicate with another dolphin individually and not just in a group; in other words, it can create short conversations.
#6 Animal That Builds Things Like Humans Do: Crows
Crows can remember faces and use roads to crack open nuts they drop from high up. They also collect a variety of objects they are curious about, especially while young. Their natural investigative nature has helped them learn how to create tools from their own feathers, leaves, and twigs. And like in Aesop’s fable, they can even learn to drop rocks in pitchers to raise the water level.
#5 Animal That Builds Things Like Humans Do: Octopuses
Watching an octopus unscrew a can lid from the inside is just one example of how intelligent octopuses are. The veined octopus uses coconut shells to build body armor which it wears while making its eight arms rigid like stilts to move across the seafloor, retiring it to use as shelter whenever necessary. It is the first reported invertebrate that can plan tools for later use, implying prospective thinking.
#4 Animal That Builds Things Like Humans Do: Sea otters
Many members of the weasel family are famous for their cleverness. One member, the sea otter, uses stones as hammers on shells and as anvils to crack them open. It’s thought they have been doing so for millions of years and without anything to do with humans. They are one example of non-human primates that use objects as tools and are thought to even be the first species to do so, with a history spanning about 2 million years and the sharing of a common ancestor of otters about 5 million years ago.
#3 Animal That Builds Things Like Humans Do: Rodents
Rodents are generally very intelligent, although we’re mostly only familiar with mice and rats. A relative of the chinchilla called the Degu can learn how to use rakes to collect food. Humans use rakes to clear leaves, but the Degus’ tool bears a resemblance to forks with regards to food.
#2 Animal That Builds Things Like Humans Do: Beavers
Both humans and beavers build dams, but for very different reasons. Beavers build dams to serve as protection from predators and easy access to food, while benefits to the ecosystem are that their dams prevent bodies of water from eroding and create wetlands that attract more animals that live in or near water. Humans build dams to store water, reduce downstream flooding, and make hydropower.
#1 Animal That Builds Things Like Humans Do: Bees
Many bee species nest underground. Some bees, however, take to creating hives and even adapt to man-made hives. But it’s the structure of the honeybee‘s hives and the hierarchy that resembles humans most. Bees are to hives what neuron cells are to the brain, and the hierarchy consists of the queen, drones, and worker bees. You could say the hive is the bees’ version of a social network.
List of Animals that Build Things like Humans
- Non-Human Primates (Macaque’s, Gorillas, Chimpanzees, Orangutans)
- Sea otters